The Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) is one of the bovine species of the Capra genus that exist in Europe. The other species of the genus are the alpine ibex or goat of the Alps (Capra ibex), the Siberian ibis (Capra sibirica), the tur of the western Caucasus (Capra caucasica), the tur of the eastern Caucasus (Capra cylindricornis), the wild goat or Bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus), the marjor (Capra falconeri), the Nubian ibex (Capra nubiana) and the ibex of Ethiopia (Capra walie). Formerly distributed in the south of France, Andorra, Spain and Portugal, the Iberian ibex is an endemism that is currently found mainly in the mountainous areas of Spain and northern Portugal.
The Iberian ibex is a species with strong sexual dimorphism, like many other bovids. The females are about 1.20 meters long and 60 centimeters high on the cross, weighing between 30 and 45 kilos. It has fairly short horns and looks a lot like a domestic goat, although the domestic goat would have its origin in the Bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus) and / or in the marjor (Capra falconeri). The males, however, can reach 148 centimeters long and have a height of 77 centimeters on the cross, reaching a maximum weight of 110 kilos. The horns of the males are remarkably thick and can be three times longer than those of the females. They are more separated from each other than the horns of other species of the Capra genus. The adult males also have a longer face and the typical dark goatee under the jaw.
The color and length of the coat varies according to the subspecies and the time of year, becoming longer and grayish in winter. After the hair changes of April and May, the color is brown or cinnamon, with dark spots on the lower part of the legs that in adult males can extend to the sides, shoulders and belly. The central part of this is white in both sexes, and the short black tail (12-13 cm.). Fur phenology could be one of the important factors in the seasonal cycles of some contact-transmitted parasites, such as the mites that cause sarcoptic mange.